Forex Trading | Online Currency Trading | Forex Rate.

Forex Trading | Online Currency Trading | Forex Rate.

The forex currency market, or forex (FX) for short, is a decentralized marketplace that facilitates the buying and selling of different currencies. 

It takes place over the counter (OTC) via the interbank market instead of on a centralized exchange. 

Without knowing it, you have likely already participated in the currency market by ordering imported shoes, or more obviously, purchasing foreign currency when on holiday.

This post will help traders of all levels.

 Whether you’re new to foreign exchange trading or trying to build on your existing knowledge, this post seeks to provide a solid base to the foreign exchange marketplace.


In a nutshell, the currency market works like most other markets. 

It is subject to supply and demand. 

Utilizing a straightforward illustration, if there’s a strong need for the US Dollar from European citizens holding Euros, then they will exchange their Euros into Dollars. 

The value of the US Dollar will rise while the worth of the Euro will fall. 

Keep in mind that this trade only affects the EUR/USD currency set and will not, for instance, cause the USD to depreciate against the Japanese Yen.

What Happens to the Forex Market?

In reality, the above example is but one of many factors which may move the FX market. 

Others consist of broad macro-economic events like the election of a new president, or state-specific factors.

Such as the prevailing interest rate, GDP, unemployment, inflation, and the debt to GDP ratio, and so on.

Expert traders use an economic calendar to stay current with these and other critical financial releases which can move the market.


Base Currency:

 It is the first currency that looks when quoting a currency set. 

Looking at EUR/USD, the Euro is the Base Currency.

Variable / Quote Currency:

 It is the second currency in the quoted currency pair.

The US Dollar in the EUR/USD example.


The bid price is the maximum price that a buyer prepares to pay. 

When you want to sell a currency pair, this is the price you will see, usually to the left of the quotation.


 It is the opposite of bidding and signifies the lowest price a seller prepares to accept.

 Whenever you’re looking to buy a currency pair, this is the price you will see and can usually be to the right.


It is the difference between the Selling(Bid) and the Buying(Ask) price.

That reflects the actual spread in the inherent currency market and the additional spread added by the broker.

The Forex Currency Market.

The currency market enables large institutions, authorities, retail dealers, and private individuals.

To exchange one currency for another and also happens through the interbank market (between banks).

The benefit of having forex trade between international banks is that forex could be traded around the clock (throughout the week).

 Since the trading session in Asia comes to a close, the European and UK banks come online before handing over to the US. 

The full trading day ends if the US session leads into the Asian session to the following day.

This industry is more attractive to traders because it’s undoubtedly the most liquid market in the world, with an average daily trading volume of $6.6 trillion, according to BIS Triennial Survey 2020.

 It means that traders can quickly enter and exit places since there are lots of willing sellers and buyers for foreign exchange.

Find more information regarding the size and liquidity of the forex industry.

Many people wonder how to make money trading forex. 

Fortunately, the fundamentals behind forex trading are quite straight forward. 

If you think the worth of a currency is going to go up (appreciate), you purchase it. 

It is known as going”long.” Should you feel the currency will return (depreciate), you sell that currency, and It is known as going”short.”.

Who Trades Forex?

There are two types of dealers in the foreign exchange market.

Hedgers and speculators. 

Hedgers are continually seeking to steer clear of extreme movements in the market rate. 

Think of large conglomerates like Exxon and how they look to lessen their exposure to foreign currency movements.

Forex training and Trading

Reading a Forex Quote.

All traders will need to understand how to read a forex quote, as this will determine the price at which you enter and exit the trade. 

Looking at the currency quotation below and the first currency in the EUR/USD pair is known as the base currency, which is that the Euro.

 In contrast, the next USD currency in this pair popularly known as the quotation currency.

For many FX Markets Brokers, provide up to five decimals, but the other still provide four decimals prices are the most important to trade.

The number to the left of the decimal point indicates one particular unit of the quote currency.

 In this example, EUR/USD = 1.1655.

 It’s the USD and hence is 1. 

The next two digits are the cents, so in this case, 16 US cents. 

The third and fourth digits represent fractions of a penny and are known as pips 55.

It is essential to remember that the amount from the fourth decimal place knows as a pip. 

If the EUR depreciate against the USD by 100 pips, the new sell price will represent the reduced price of 1.1555.

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About Muhammad Shahid

My name is Muhammad Shahid, MBA in Finance from IBA, University of Sindh, Professional Forex Trader & Trainer, I have taught more than 850 Students throughout the Sindh.

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